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Boise State Researcher Bringing Healthier Air to Kenyan Homes

Uwe Reischl, a professor in the Department of Community and Environmental Health in the College of Health Sciences, recently conducted a project in Bukhaywa, Kenya, to evaluate a new architectural ventilation design concept developed at Boise State.

Uwe with a Kenyan family.

The design reduces harmful indoor smoke accumulation generated by open fires in rural kitchens. Kenya’s rural population relies primarily on indoor open fires for cooking. Fuels such as firewood, charcoal, agricultural waste products and animal dung create toxic smoke that lead to chronic respiratory health problems primarily for women and children. It is estimated that more than 600,000 women worldwide die prematurely each year from illnesses caused by such exposures. Past efforts to address this problem focused on the distribution of new stove technologies. However, this approach has had minimal impact because poor families cannot afford the stoves.

interior photo of kitchen.
An interior photo of the kitchen concept.

Using a different approach altogether, a low-cost kitchen ventilation concept was developed that can now reduce smoke build-up in rural kitchens. The design feature allows families to continue using their traditional open fires while experiencing a reduction in smoke build-up by 80 percent. To evaluate the new application under actual conditions, Reischl built a full-scale prototype kitchen in Bukhaywa and evaluated the performance.

Use of the prototype kitchen by a rural family showed that healthful indoor air quality conditions can now be achieved without requiring new technologies. Reischl believes that the design application will not only be able to reduce the overall health burden imposed on poor rural women and their children in Kenya, but can also improve the indoor air quality conditions of families in other parts of the world.

.photo of a kitchen under construction.
The “Boise State kitchen” under construction in Kenya using local construction techniques.

NIH Appendix Policy 2018 Changes (Podcasts) – Must See

Two New “All About Grants” Podcasts: 2018 Appendix Policy Changes, and Why We Encourage You to Submit Your Application Early

NIH’s Office of Extramural Research brings you two new “All About Grants”  podcasts to ring in the new year. In “Why it’s so Important to Submit Applications Early” (mp3transcript), Dr. Cathie Cooper, director of the Division of Receipt and Referral in the NIH’s Center for Scientific Review, talks about the importance of submitting application early due to changes in NIH’s policies and application forms for 2018.

In “Changes to the NIH Appendix Policy for 2018” (mp3transcript), Dr. Cooper joins us again to talk about the NIH appendix policy and new limits on what can be included as appendices.

All About Grants podcast episodes are produced by the NIH Office of Extramural Research, and designed for investigators, fellows, students, research administrators, and others just curious about the application and award process. The podcast features NIH staff members who talk about the ins and outs of NIH funding, and provide insights on grant topics from those who live and breathe the information. Listen to more episodes via the All About Grants podcast pagethrough iTunes, or by using our RSS feed in your podcast app of choice.

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Two New “All About Grants” Podcasts: 2018 Appendix Policy Changes, and Why We Encourage You to Submit Your Application Early

2017 – Year in Review: Federal Grant Highlights –

2017 Year in Review: Federal Grant Highlights

With 2017 in the rearview mirror, let’s pause to look back on what was a significant year for federal grants. With important developments and growth in the grants community in 2017, this post takes note of key points worth remembering and helpful resources, not just from us, from some of you in the grants community.

rearview mirror and logo

#1 – Get Your (DATA) Act Together

This would not be a real grants ‘year in review’ for 2017 without starting with the Digital Accountability and Transparency Act (DATA Act). Coordinating across all federal award-making agencies and the diverse applicant communities to standardize and improve the quality and transparency of federal financial data? That’s big.

If you are completely unfamiliar with the DATA Act, welcome to the party—start with this basic update. You should also do a web search for trainings and updates about the DATA Act to hear from a variety of stakeholders on what it means for the grant community.

To get you thinking about possibilities in the future, HHS’ Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Office of Grants and Acquisitions Policy and Accountability (OGAPA), Andrea Brandon, posed this question at the DATA Transparency conference in September this year, “Do we need [nonfederal entities] to actually complete an SF-424 or do we just need structured data sets that come through a particular portal?”

#2 – Not Taken for Granted

Over $700 billion in grants and cooperative agreements were awarded in FY 2017. The DATA Act gets another nod here, which led to the new beta to improve the quality and transparency of federal spending data. If you are interested in more spending data, check out the Agency Profiles and Spending Map.

As a note, that number does include Medicare and Medicaid funding in the form of formula grants, but there were thousands of discretionary funding opportunities posted on for which many of you applied for—and it is a competitive process.

Of course, we need to mention at least one grant-writing tip here—do not eliminate yourself from the competition by not checking that you have followed all the basic requirements.

#3 – Grants Community Growth with More Events and Training Resources

Anecdotally, 2017 certainly seemed like one of the most prolific with regard to grant events and training resources available to the community. If anyone out there would like to investigate this by the numbers, let us know what you find.

While we could just link to our own training videosevents calendar, or otherresources (YSWIDT?), we want to recognize your awesome contributions to the community.

#GrantChat – Talk with fellow grant professionals on a range of topics relevant to your work. This is a great way to hear tips, share resources, and get to know your professional peers online.

Resources By You, For You – Here’s a sampling of grant resources for you to review: eCivis blogGrant Professionals Association Resource CenterGrant Training CenterGrant Writer’s BlogGrantSpace by Foundation CenterGrantStation Insights blogLearn Peak GrantmakingManagement Concepts Applying for Federal Grants & Cooperative AgreementsNational Grants Management Association Annual Grants TrainingNIH Regional Seminar & Extramural Nexus blogSmartGrants Blogthe bmtconsulting blogThe Grant Plant ResourcesThompson Grants Federal Grants Forum, or check out our Where to Find Free Online Resources for Federal Grant Applicants Part 1 and Part 2 for more.

#4 – Did the 2017 Plan Happen?

Last January, we shared high-level plans for 2017, and we are happy to say that we were able to stick to these plans. Admittedly, #1 and #3 from last year’s plan go hand-in-hand, but here’s a link to Workspace resources just in case you haven’t read about it yet.

We are proud to have received awards confirming the direction of the program. FedHealthIT 100 awarded John Enggren, the Program Manager, for developing Workspace and his efforts of “driving change and advancement in the Federal Health Information Technology and Consulting Market.” In June 2017, Enggren and the program also received recognition at the 2017 AFFIRM Leadership Awards Celebration for Workspace.

Now that we have looked back on 2017, be among the first to read about’s plans for 2018 by subscribing to the Community Blog.

4 Questions For Researches and Institutions Involved In Human Subjects Research

Last September, and in January of this year, we wrote about a suite of initiatives aimed at improving the quality and transparency of the NIH-supported research that most directly engages human participants – clinical trials. These initiatives include dedicated Funding Opportunity Announcements for clinical trials, Good Clinical Practice training, enhanced registration and results reporting on, and required use of single IRB’s for multi-site studies. We are now entering the final phases of implementation of these initiatives – so, if you are contemplating research involving human subjects, please read on.

We’ve received queries from members of the research community seeking clarity on whether their human subjects research will be affected by these new policies, and if so, how. So, we want to call your attention to four questions researchers involved in human s studies need to ask, and answer. These questions are:

  1. Does the study involve human participants?
  2. Are the participants prospectively assigned to an intervention?
  3. Is the study designed to evaluate the effect of the intervention on the participants?
  4. Is the effect that will be evaluated a health-related biomedical or behavioral outcome?

If the answer to all four questions is yes, then we consider your research a clinical trial.

The NIH definition of a clinical trial is “a research study in which one or more human subjects are prospectively assigned to one or more interventions (which may include placebo or other control) to evaluate the effects of those interventions on health-related biomedical or behavioral outcomes”. The definition was published in 2014, after extensive public input, and affirmed, after even more public input, in our policypublished in September 2016. The clinical trial definition encompasses a wide variety of study types, as shown in figure 1. These range from mechanistic studies to behavioral studies, to pilot/feasibility studies, all the way to large-scale efficacy and effectiveness trials.

Diagram showing that NIH clinical trials span a wide range of studies: mechanistic, exploratory/development, pilot/feasibility, other interventional, behavioral.

Figure 1

The breadth of the NIH definition is intentional, given the nature of the NIH portfolio and imperatives for maximal transparency. Transparency shows respect for the participants who put their trust in us, in the face of unknown outcomes, to help advance science. Our concerns about transparency stem in part from the issues surrounding the reporting of clinical trials data. For both NIH-funded and non-NIH funded trialsunreported data and untimely dissemination of results has been documented over and over again.  Others have expressed concern that the NIH has not collected needed trans-NIH data to enable it to function as proper stewards of clinical trials.

Some have argued that we should not expect trial registration and reporting for small or exploratory trials, for trials that focus on safety, or for trials that fail to meet enrollment targets. As we stated last September, NIH chose to emphasize the value of transparency for these kinds of trials as well, as “the benefits of transparency and the need to fulfill the ethical obligation to participants is as relevant to these types of trials as to any other type.”  We have an ethical obligation to report results, and this is especially true when volunteers contribute their time as study participants in prospective experiments, whether large or small. And, to be effective stewards of precious and constrained taxpayer monies, we need to collect a minimum of standardized data.

This transparency complements existing efforts to promote data sharing, public access to NIH-funded research results, and scientifically rigorous research design, all of which ultimately benefit the research community directly, as well. By developing and sharing robust data, we maximize the value of NIH’s investment in research by allowing scientists to build upon solid results. The definition, and our clinical trial policies, are an integral part of our efforts to enhance scientific stewardship, dissemination of information, transparency, and to excel as a federal science agency that manages for results.

Why is it important to know whether you are proposing to conduct a clinical trial? Correctly identifying whether your study is a clinical trial is crucial to complying with NIH policies, many of which are now in effect,  such as registering and reporting all NIH supported clinical trials in and good clinical practice training. Very soon, your answer will be crucial to picking the appropriate NIH funding opportunity for your application, writing your research plan correctly (since some information will be captured in the new human subjects and clinical trials form), and ensuring that your application includes all the information required for peer review.

If you are having difficulty answering the four questions that determine whether a study meets the NIH definition of a clinical trial, we encourage you to consult the case studies and FAQs that are available on our webpage on clinical trial requirements for grants and contracts. We’ll be following up with additional blogs and NIH Extramural Nexus articles that provide more depth on the various initiatives. We strongly encourage you to look at these materials, and share them with your colleagues, to ensure that as an awardee conducting clinical trial research, you are aware of the need to register your trial and report its results.

Be Careful to Pick the Right Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA)

Recent policy changes requiring clinical trial applications to be submitted to FOAs that specifically allow clinical trials, first announced in fall of 2016, impact how all NIH applicants choose a FOA, whether you are submitting a clinical trial or not.

Over the last year, each NIH Institute and Center has been carefully evaluating its research funding priorities and strategic goals and using that information to articulate their funding priorities for clinical trials. They are communicating their priorities through the funding opportunity announcements they issue.

The requirement to respond to clinical trial specific FOAs begins for applications submitted for due dates on or after January 25, 2018. NIH is reissuing any FOA that will accept clinical trial applications after that date. Many of these FOAs have already been issued, others will be published at least 60 days before the first due date for which they will accept applications. How can you tell which FOAs will allow clinical trials? Reissued clinical trial FOAs make clinical trial allowability clear in both the title and in section 2, and they include clinical trial review criteria.

Responding to the correct type of FOA ensures that you know what information you are expected to include in your application and that you can develop an application that is responsive to the review criteria. It also ensures that reviewers apply the correct criteria and give your application the best review possible.

Before beginning your search for an FOA, if you are doing human subject research you should use our clinical trial tool to determine whether NIH considers any of your studies a clinical trial.

If any study (or component) of your application meets the NIH definition of a clinical trial (even if your application includes other studies that are not clinical trials), you must respond to a FOA that allows for clinical trials.

If none of your specific aims include studies that meet the NIH definition of a clinical trial, be sure to respond to an FOA that does not require clinical trials. Check section II of the FOA; there will be a row entitled “Clinical Trial?” that should say either “Clinical trials not allowed” or “Clinical trials optional”.

Chart describing when to choose a FOA based on clinical trial designation.

We are re-issuing existing parent announcements as “clinical trial not allowed” for due dates on or after January 25, 2018. Our most recent reminder notice provides a list of all the parent announcements (old and new) and when they will be reissued. .) . The participating organizations may vary between the “clinical trial not allowed” parent FOA and the “clinical trial required” parent FOA for the same activity code. Read the details of each FOA carefully. Note that some institutes that participate on a “Clinical Trial Required” parent may limit their participation to mechanistic studies. Check the Related Notices section of the FOA for any restrictions.

Some IC’s are using different FOAs for different kinds of trials. We encourage you to visit individual IC’s web pages for guidance.

Note that even for resubmissions, revisions or renewals, you may need to find a new FOA to apply to with the appropriate clinical trial allowability that reflects the research in the application you are submitting.

The upshot of all this? The FOA landscape is changing. It is important to pick your FOA carefully. We will be reissuing all parent FOAs and all FOAs that will allow clinical trials at least 60 days before the first due date. Before you are ready to apply, check back to be sure you are responding to the latest version of the FOA, and to read any related notices that have been issued since you first looked at the FOA. Learn more about understanding funding opportunities and NIH clinical trial requirements on the NIH Grants and Funding website. And be on the lookout for a new video we will be putting out in the next few weeks on finding and understanding funding opportunities.

2018 NIH Regional Seminar in Washington, DC – May 2-4, 2018

If you are new to working with the NIH grants application and awards process….you need to read on! With only one NIH Regional Seminar on Program Funding and Grants Administration scheduled for 2018, you will not want to miss out on this unique opportunity in Washington, DC, from May 2-4, 2018.

banner from NIH regional seminar homepage that reads: May 2-4, 2018, for the NIH Regional Seminar on Program Funding and Grants Administration at the Hyatt Regency Washington on Capitol Hill - registration is now open. Includes montage of White House, the Hyatt Hotel, and the Potomac River

Why Attend? The NIH Regional Seminar involves approximately 65 NIH and HHS staff who are brought to a central location in order to educate, share, and hear your questions over the course of two days, plus pre-seminar workshops. There are over 45 different topic areas and 6 optional workshops covering human subjects, electronic research administration, a “boot camp” for beginners, and intellectual property. See the two day seminar & pre-seminar workshop agendas for more details.

This seminar is your opportunity to make direct contact with NIH policy officials, grants management, program and review staff, and representatives from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP), HHS Office of the Inspector General (OIG), and others. Plus, you’ll be able to take advantage of discussions involving more than 600 fellow attendees from around the world.

Unique Opportunity to Meet NIH Face-to-Face: In addition to learning more about the NIH grants processes and policies through the optional workshops and two days of sessions, there are opportunities throughout the seminar to Meet the Experts 1:1. These 15 minute chats are a great way to get more specific questions answered by NIH & HHS experts. You’ll have the opportunity to sign up in advance or on-site to speak with the expert(s) of your choice while participating in the seminar. With the Washington, DC location located close to NIH, expect even more NIH & HHS experts to join us.

Registration rates increase on Saturday, December 16. Space is limited and these seminars traditionally reach capacity prior to the event, so register now and save your spot!

MW – CTRIN * Grant Writing Workshop * Friday, January 19, 2018 at UNLV

We have an upcoming Grant Writing Workshop (GWW) on Friday, January 19, 2018 to be conducted at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) Main Campus in Nevada. The theme for this GWW is “Clinical Trials.”  Please find attached the “draft” agenda for this event for distribution to all potential principal investigators (PIs) or Research Faculty within your institution. Please have any interested candidates log-in or create an applicant profile using the GWW Portal link below:

Candidates must upload (in PDF only) both their “specific aims” page and CV onto the GWW Portal.

Please let us know if you have any questions.

Thank you,

MW CTR-IN Administration

The MW CTR-IN Administration Team

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

4505 S. Maryland Pkwy

Las Vegas, NV 89118

Harry Reid Center


NEW-Post Baccalaureate Research Opportunity – Candidate Search – 12-1-17


From Anna Reineke, Regional Coordinating Director, GMaP REgion 6, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah

Dear Colleagues and Students,

I have been asked by our NCI and NIA intramural scientists to identify a stellar post-baccalaureate candidate who would be interested in joining a research project at Imaging facility at NIH main campus in Bethesda, MD. Please send me your top-notch post-bac students name, resume and contact information who would be forwarded to the hiring senior investigators at NIH for potential 1 to 2 years of appointment.

NCI would greatly appreciate receiving your nominations of potential candidates on or before December 1, 2017. Sorry for the short turnaround time for this request as this position needs to be urgently filled for this joint collaborative project between NCI and NIA investigators at NIH.

Additional details below

  • The position start date is flexible anytime in early/spring 2018.
  • The student will work in the NCI High-throughput imaging facility on a joint project with the National Institute on Aging.
  • The student will be trained in high-throughput imaging assays including fluorescence microscopy methods.
  • Candidates with some experience in standard cell and molecular biology skills, ideally including cell culture of mammalian cells and imaging, can be trained for this project.

Please contact Anna Reineke with potential Candidates:

Anna Reineke

801-213-4234 |

GMaP Region 6 includes: ID, MT, NV, ND, SD, UT & WY



PCORI Invites LOIs for Patient-Centered Healthcare Research – Deadline 2/1/2018

Posted: November 19, 2017
Deadline: February 1, 2018

Grants of up to $250,000 over two years will be awarded to projects that encourage active integration of patients, caregivers, clinicians, and other healthcare stakeholders as integral members of the patient-centered outcomes research….


Join The Conversation: New Partnership Will Introduce National Audiences to Boise State Faculty Research

Boise State University has become a supporting member of The Conversation, an independent, nonprofit publisher of commentary and analysis, authored by academics and edited by journalists for the general public.

This exciting new partnership will allow Boise State faculty to work one-on-one with Conversation editors to write and publish short articles (800-1,000 words) on topics related to their research, while potentially reaching millions of readers.

Several Boise State faculty already have contributed to The Conversation, including: Brittany Brand on the unexpected eruption of Chile’s Calbuco volcano; Steven Feldstein on fatal U.S. airstrikes under the Trump administration; Jen Schneider on the coal industry’s rhetorical playbook; Jodi Brandt on our global sand crisis; John Freemuth (a prolific contributor) most recently on Interior Sec. Zinke’s proposal to shrink national monuments; Troy Rohn on public fears about early-onset Alzheimer’s; Justin Vaughn on George W.’s legacy during Jeb Bush’s presidential run; and Shelton Woods on the history behind Philippine President Duterte’s Obama insult.

This is just a sample of the great work faculty have already published on The Conversation; for a complete list of Boise State contributions, click here.

Now that Boise State is a supporting member, The Conversation wants to hear from you: our faculty and academic researchers. Boise State will be hosting a few information sessions on campus, dates TBA. In the meantime, please see below on how to pitch a story, or contact Cienna Madrid at with questions.

How to Pitch a Story

The Conversation reacts to current and breaking news with expert analysis and help set the news agenda with ideas originating in academia. Their editors consider four things in a pitch:

  • Is it of interest to a general audience? Our articles are read across the United States and internationally by non-academics. What does a lay person want or need to know?
  • Is the idea timely? Timeliness can mean many things: new research, analysis of something in the news, commentary pegged to historic anniversaries. Why should a reader care now?
  • Is the academic an expert in what they are writing about?
  • Can the academic cover the topic in 1,000 words or fewer? Articles are not comprehensive, but rather make critical points that the public needs to be aware of.

The Conversation is looking for academics to pitch articles. This means you write a four-to-five sentence description of the article and they give you feedback prior to you investing any time in writing an article. The best way to do so is through their pitch form here:

Benefits of Writing for The Conversation

Each published faculty member has access to a personal dashboard that allows them to monitor the number of reads the article has received, the geographic location of those readers and by what media outlets the article has been republished. Dashboards also monitor all engagement on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn as well as comments on site. These metrics can be used to demonstrate public engagement and education.

Unlike scholarly and research journals, The Conversation is written for the general public. The website publishes roughly eight articles per day and attract up to seven million reads per month through their website and news outlets that republish their articles – including The Washington Post, Time, Newsweek, CNN and Scientific American, among others. This is because articles published on The Conversation are free to read and free to republish through a Creative Commons license.

In addition, through The Conversation’s partnerships with The Associated Press and Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc., articles often are picked up in local newspapers – providing analysis in communities hat would not otherwise been able to hear from academics. By writing, academics can reach audiences in publications locally, nationally and internationally.